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In order to keep routers, firewalls, and switches secure, they need good passwords. The Cisco type 7 password is not much better than putting the password in clear text, which is the default if you do not type the command service password-encryption.
Discuss password hashes and discuss password cracking tools or websites that can be used to crack Cisco type 7 password hashes. Here are a list of some Cisco password hashes.
You may elect to crack some of them and explain how you did it for part of this discussion.
Cisco Security – Type 5 passwords
In order to keep routers, firewalls, and switches secure, they need good passwords. Type 5 Cisco password hashes use a technique called “salting.” Discuss password hashes and salting, and discuss password-cracking tools or websites that can be used to crack Cisco password hashes. Some of the most popular Linux tools are John the Ripper and hashcat, which are both already included with the Kali Linux distribution. The Windows tool Cain can also crack Cisco passwords.
Here is a list of password hashes. Use the “as is” choice and the default wordlist that comes with Cain. You may elect to crack some of them and explain how you did it for part of this discussion.
Also, if you enjoyed this discussion and would like to learn more about this type of hacking, then consider joining the Cyber Padawans, a UMGC club that takes part in competitions. Email jesse.varsalone@UMUC.edu if interested.
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