Signs and Symptoms of Anaphylactic Shock Question Description I’m studying for my Writing class and need an explanation. ****** please response to each peers answer add citations and references ****** #button { background-color: #F05A1A; border: 5px; border-radius: 5px; color: white; padding: 5px 5px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; display: inline-block; font-size: 13px; margin: 4px 2px; cursor: pointer; } Save your time – order a paper! Get your paper written from scratch within the tight deadline. Our service is a reliable solution to all your troubles. Place an order on any task and we will take care of it. You won’t have to worry about the quality and deadlines Order Paper Now Response one Nurses must be aware of the signs and symptoms of anaphylactic shock, a life-threatening allergic reaction requiring an immediate response. Symptoms may include flushing, nausea, vomiting, fever, rash, hives, angioedema, a feeling of impending doom, bronchospasm, back pain, and circulatory collapse (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2018). Symptoms of anaphylaxis generally have their onset within minutes, but occasionally occur as late as 1 hour after exposure to the offending antigen. The signs and symptoms may follow a uni-phasic course, with the resolution of symptoms within hours of treatment. Anaphylactic shock must be differentiated from other causes of circulatory collapse. The most common conditions that mimic anaphylaxis are vasovagal reactions, which are characterized by hypotension, pallor, bradycardia, weakness, nausea, vomiting, and diaphoresis. Urticaria, pruritus, angioedema, tachycardia, and bronchospasm are not vasovagal responses. Acute respiratory decompensation from severe asthma attacks, foreign body aspiration, and pulmonary embolism can feature respiratory symptoms suggestive of anaphylaxis, but other characteristics such as; pruritis, urticaria, angioedema are not present (Ellis, 2003). ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE In the clinical setting, nurses must be aware of signs, symptoms, and the appropriate response should a patient exhibit anaphylactic shock. If a nurse suspects an anaphylactic reaction, immediate steps must be taken. First, stop the administration of any medications and alert the primary physician. Assess the patient’s vital signs, oximetry, and breath sounds. Prepare for emergency response, including administration of oxygen, IV fluids, and resuscitative medications: epinephrine IM or SQ, albuterol inhalant, corticosteroids, and antihistamines (Randall, 2018). Most facilities have specific protocols in place with standing orders for intervention in the event of anaphylaxis. The nurse should be familiar with the organization’s protocols. Patients with known allergies producing anaphylactic response are advised to carry an epi-pen. Nurses should be involved in patient education involving the use and storage of the epi-pen. References Ellis, A. K., & Day, J. H. (2003). Diagnosis and management of anaphylaxis. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l’Association medicale canadienne, 169(4), 307–311. Randall, J. (2018). Cellular and immunological complexities. In GCU (Ed.), Pathophysiology Clinical Applications for Client Health (1 ed.). Retrieved from… U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2018). Allergic reactions. Retrieved from Response two; When exposed to something they are allergic to, people may have a reaction called anaphylaxis and can go into anaphylactic shock is a dangerous condition for a patient to experience if it isn’t treated immediately and can result in serious conditions, if not fatal (Gotter, 2018). When the body goes into anaphylactic shock, their blood pressure drops dramatically and the airways can narrow, possibly blocking a person’s normal breathing (Gotter, 2018).Signs and Symptoms of Anaphylactic Shock Symptoms of anaphylaxis may occur before anaphylactic shock happens which include: skin reactions such as hives, flushed skin, or paleness, suddenly feeing too warm, feeling like there is a lump in their throat or difficulty swallowing, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, a weak and rapid pulse, runny nose and sneezing, swollen tongue or lips, wheezing or difficulty breathing, a sense that something is wrong with their body, and tingling hands, feet, mouth or scalp (Gotter, 2018). If anaphylaxis has progressed to anaphylactic shock, the symptoms include struggling to breathe, dizziness, confusion, sudden feeling of weakness and loss of consciousness (Gotter, 2018). Risk factors for severe anaphylaxis and anaphylactic shock include a previous anaphylactic reaction, allergies or asthma, and a family history of anaphylaxis (Gotter, 2018). If a nurse suspects anaphylactic shock, it should be treated immediately because if it is not, more invasive procedures will have to be taken in order for the patient to survive. A nurse must know the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis and anaphylactic shock which include looking at the respiratory signs, skin manifestations, cardiovascular manifestations, and gastrointestinal problems. Establishing a patient airway and ventilation is important along with epinephrine if needed. Additional treatments may include, antihistamines, aminophylline titrated by IV drip, albuterol, crystalloids, colloids, vasopressors, IV benzodiazepines. After the acute symptoms have been treated, the patient is usually admitted for observation and are educated about how to prevent future anaphylactic reactions. References Gotter, A. (2018, April 26). Anaphylactic Shock: Symptoms, Causes, Risks, Treatments & More. Retrieved from… RESPONSE THREE; Anaphylactic shock is a life-threatening allergic reaction that requires immediate response. Some of the most common antigens that are associated with anaphylactic shock include certain foods, such as peanuts, tree nuts, dairy, eggs, and shellfish; environmental allergens, including mold, pollen, venom from insect stings; and certain medications (Randall, 2018). Symptoms may include flushing, nausea, vomiting, fever, rash, hives, angioedema, feelings of impending doom, bronchospasm, back pain, and circulatory collapse (Randall, 2018). Nurses must take immediate steps when anaphylaxis is suspected . First step is to stop administration of any medications and alert the physician (Randall, 2018). The nurse must then assess the patient’s vital signs, oximetry, and breath sounds (Randall, 2018). Prepare for emergency response, including administration of oxygen, IV fluids, and resuscitative medications: epinephrine IM or SQ, albuterol inhalant, corticosteroids, and antihistamines (Randall, 2018). Nurses must know the protocols in place for the company they work for. Not every facility is the same. For example, my dialysis clinc does not have the emergency medications other than the epi-pen and diphenhydramine to treat an allergic reaction. No other medication is available to treat emergencies, we must call EMS. Randall, J. (2018). Cellular and immunological complexities. In GCU (Ed.), Pathophysiology Clinical Applications for Client Health (1 ed.). Retrieved from You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes. Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages. Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor. The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.Signs and Symptoms of Anaphylactic Shock ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE CLASS Discussion Questions (DQ) Initial responses to the DQ should address all components of the questions asked, include a minimum of one scholarly source, and be at least 250 words. Successful responses are substantive (i.e., add something new to the discussion, engage others in the discussion, well-developed idea) and include at least one scholarly source. One or two sentence responses, simple statements of agreement or “good post,” and responses that are off-topic will not count as substantive. Substantive responses should be at least 150 words. I encourage you to incorporate the readings from the week (as applicable) into your responses. Weekly Participation Your initial responses to the mandatory DQ do not count toward participation and are graded separately. In addition to the DQ responses, you must post at least one reply to peers (or me) on three separate days, for a total of three replies. Participation posts do not require a scholarly source/citation (unless you cite someone else’s work). Part of your weekly participation includes viewing the weekly announcement and attesting to watching it in the comments. These announcements are made to ensure you understand everything that is due during the week. APA Format and Writing Quality Familiarize yourself with APA format and practice using it correctly. It is used for most writing assignments for your degree. Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for APA paper templates, citation examples, tips, etc. Points will be deducted for poor use of APA format or absence of APA format (if required). Cite all sources of information! When in doubt, cite the source. Paraphrasing also requires a citation. I highly recommend using the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition. Use of Direct Quotes I discourage overutilization of direct quotes in DQs and assignments at the Masters’ level and deduct points accordingly. As Masters’ level students, it is important that you be able to critically analyze and interpret information from journal articles and other resources. Simply restating someone else’s words does not demonstrate an understanding of the content or critical analysis of the content. It is best to paraphrase content and cite your source. LopesWrite Policy For assignments that need to be submitted to LopesWrite, please be sure you have received your report and Similarity Index (SI) percentage BEFORE you do a “final submit” to me. Once you have received your report, please review it. This report will show you grammatical, punctuation, and spelling errors that can easily be fixed. Take the extra few minutes to review instead of getting counted off for these mistakes. ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE Review your similarities. Did you forget to cite something? Did you not paraphrase well enough? Is your paper made up of someone else’s thoughts more than your own?Signs and Symptoms of Anaphylactic Shock Questions Visit the Writing Center in the Student Success Center, under the Resources tab in LoudCloud for tips on improving your paper and SI score. Late Policy The university’s policy on late assignments is 10% penalty PER DAY LATE. This also applies to late DQ replies. Please communicate with me if you anticipate having to submit an assignment late. I am happy to be flexible, with advance notice. We may be able to work out an extension based on extenuating circumstances. If you do not communicate with me before submitting an assignment late, the GCU late policy will be in effect. I do not accept assignments that are two or more weeks late unless we have worked out an extension. As per policy, no assignments are accepted after the last day of class. Any assignment submitted after midnight on the last day of class will not be accepted for grading. Communication Communication is so very important. There are multiple ways to communicate with me: Questions to Instructor Forum: This is a great place to ask course content or assignment questions. If you have a question, there is a good chance one of your peers does as well. This is a public forum for the class. Individual Forum: This is a private forum to ask me questions or send me messages. This will be checked at least once every 24 hours.Signs and Symptoms of Anaphylactic Shock