Counselors should not rely on _____________ being a part of the computer or online assessment. Answer softwarethe informed consent proceduretechnology-generate reportsnone of the above 1.6 points Computer outputs can range from simple scoring to __________. Answer complex scoring profiles simple reports complex interpretive reports more complex scoring 1.6 points What might a counselor consider before asking a client to take a computer-administered inventory? Answer level of comfort and computer experience client age, gender, and interests test sophistication skills and background socio-economic status and intelligence 1.6 points Which of the following is not an advantage of computer applications in assessment? Answer computers applications have been shown to be very cost effective. computers are patient in gathering information. more complex scoring can be done by computers. computers are not biased against any gender or race. 1.6 points What is the term used when computers or other technologies are involved in the administration, scoring, and/or interpretation of assessment tool? Answer computer-adapted assessment computerized testing technologically-adapted testing technology-assisted assessment 1.6 points Prior to the late 1970s, computers were primarily used in assessment to: Answer administer assessment instruments. score assessment instruments write assessment reports. analyze the effects of testing 1.6 points Neuropsychological assessment concerns appraisal of the: Answer behavioral effects of possible brain trauma cognitive development of the individual deficit in information processing and memory central nervous system dysfunctions 1.6 points In a quality neuropsychological assessment, the client is given: Answer the WAIS-III and the MMPI intelligence and adaptive behavior tests an intelligence tests and an EEG a battery of instruments 1.6 points If an instrument is recommended for linguistically diverse populations, the counselor can: Answer feel confident in using that instrument with clients who do not speak English. expect to find information in the manual related to the appropriate use and interpretation with specific groups. expect to find different versions of the instrument (e.g., a Spanish version). use the instruments with minority clients from any background. 1.6 points The degree to which construct-irrelevant factors systematically affect a group’s performance is called: Answer differential item functioning bias testing criterion bias selective discrimination 1.6 points In addition to racial/ethnic differences, there is debate in the counseling field that the term multicultural could also refer to differences in: Answer physical/mental disabilities socioeconomic status sexual orientation all of the above 1.6 points Almost all counselors can expect to be increasingly involved with the assessment of clients with: Answer motor disabilities cognitive impairments different cultural backgrounds personality disorders 1.6 points Individuals from different cultures can vary greatly in their perceptions due to their ____________, which includes group identity, individual identity, beliefs, values, and language. Answer worldview personality genetic background cognitive schema 1.6 points Concerning assessment practices, the Civil Rights Act of 1991: Answer required testing be performed in an individual’s native language. banned the use of separate norms in any employment tests. banned the use of employment tests for supervisory positions. made it illegal to use personality tests in employment selection 1.6 points With few exceptions, counselors cannot release a client’s assessment results to a third party unless: Answer the third party has a legitimate reason for wanting the results. the counselor has contacted a lawyer and gotten legal advice. it is common policy at the agency or organization. the client has consented to the release of information. 1.6 points If an instrument is not relevant to the counseling process, then the possibility exists that: Answer some clients might object to taking it. there could be confidentiality issues a client’s privacy could be invaded. there is a violation of a client’s civil rights. 1.6 points If a supervisor asks a practitioner to use an instrument in which he or she is not adequately prepared to use, the practitioner should: Answer use the instrument but be careful. decline to use the instrument. only use the instrument with certain clients. only use the instrument after reading the Mental Measurements Yearbook. 1.6 points Which of the following serves as a technical guide for testing practices? Answer Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing The Responsibilities of Tests Users Mental Measurement Yearbooks ACA Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice 1.6 points The most important reason for having ethical standards and laws related to assessment is to: Answer enforce standards and professional test practices. inform practitioners of best assessment practices. enforce procedures developed by test publishers. protect individuals from misuses of assessments. 1.6 points When counselors are assessing outcome it should not: Answer inform already established treatment planning. take into account the client’s experiences. be a “one-time event” be done repeatedly. 1.6 points Case conceptualization Answer never includes factors related to the therapeutic relationship. is solely concerned with the selection of specific treatment strategies and techniques. is an ongoing process throughout therapy. is only done once during therapy. 1.6 points Which of the following is a method for making case conceptualization explicit? Answer explain it in detail to a supervisor or colleague represent it graphically both a and b neither a nor b 1.6 points What is the term that is associated with counselors focusing on developing strengths and enhancing the well-being of their clients, while also not ignoring weaknesses? Answer strength-weakness balance model positive psychology optimistic psychology positive reframe model 1.6 points Research consistently shows that ___________ methods are more effective than ____________ methods when making clinical predictions. Answer statistical; clinical observational; client self-reporting clinical; statistical client self-reporting; observational 1.6 points According to Whiston, assessment information can be useful in: Answer evaluating the effectiveness of counseling. monitoring client change. treatment planning. all of the above 1.6 points Computer outputs can range from simple scoring to __________. Answer complex scoring profiles simple reports complex interpretive reports more complex scoring 1.6 points What might a counselor consider before asking a client to take a computer-administered inventory? Answer level of comfort and computer experience client age, gender, and interests test sophistication skills and background socio-economic status and intelligence 1.6 points Which of the following is not an advantage of computer applications in assessment? Answer computers applications have been shown to be very cost effective. computers are patient in gathering information. more complex scoring can be done by computers. computers are not biased against any gender or race. 1.6 points What is the term used when computers or other technologies are involved in the administration, scoring, and/or interpretation of assessment tool? Answer computer-adapted assessment computerized testing technologically-adapted testing technology-assisted assessment 1.6 points Prior to the late 1970s, computers were primarily used in assessment to: Answer administer assessment instruments. score assessment instruments write assessment reports. analyze the effects of testing 1.6 points Neuropsychological assessment concerns appraisal of the: Answer behavioral effects of possible brain trauma cognitive development of the individual deficit in information processing and memory central nervous system dysfunctions 1.6 points In a quality neuropsychological assessment, the client is given: Answer the WAIS-III and the MMPI intelligence and adaptive behavior tests an intelligence tests and an EEG a battery of instruments 1.6 points If an instrument is recommended for linguistically diverse populations, the counselor can: Answer feel confident in using that instrument with clients who do not speak English. expect to find information in the manual related to the appropriate use and interpretation with specific groups. expect to find different versions of the instrument (e.g., a Spanish version). use the instruments with minority clients from any background. 1.6 points The degree to which construct-irrelevant factors systematically affect a group’s performance is called: Answer differential item functioning bias testing criterion bias selective discrimination 1.6 points In addition to racial/ethnic differences, there is debate in the counseling field that the term multicultural could also refer to differences in: Answer physical/mental disabilities socioeconomic status sexual orientation all of the above 1.6 points Almost all counselors can expect to be increasingly involved with the assessment of clients with: Answer motor disabilities cognitive impairments different cultural backgrounds personality disorders 1.6 points Individuals from different cultures can vary greatly in their perceptions due to their ____________, which includes group identity, individual identity, beliefs, values, and language. Answer worldview personality genetic background cognitive schema 1.6 points Concerning assessment practices, the Civil Rights Act of 1991: Answer required testing be performed in an individual’s native language. banned the use of separate norms in any employment tests. banned the use of employment tests for supervisory positions. made it illegal to use personality tests in employment selection 1.6 points With few exceptions, counselors cannot release a client’s assessment results to a third party unless: Answer the third party has a legitimate reason for wanting the results. the counselor has contacted a lawyer and gotten legal advice. it is common policy at the agency or organization. the client has consented to the release of information. 1.6 points If an instrument is not relevant to the counseling process, then the possibility exists that: Answer some clients might object to taking it. there could be confidentiality issues a client’s privacy could be invaded. there is a violation of a client’s civil rights. 1.6 points If a supervisor asks a practitioner to use an instrument in which he or she is not adequately prepared to use, the practitioner should: Answer use the instrument but be careful. decline to use the instrument. only use the instrument with certain clients. only use the instrument after reading the Mental Measurements Yearbook. 1.6 points Which of the following serves as a technical guide for testing practices? Answer Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing The Responsibilities of Tests Users Mental Measurement Yearbooks ACA Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice 1.6 points The most important reason for having ethical standards and laws related to assessment is to: Answer enforce standards and professional test practices. inform practitioners of best assessment practices. enforce procedures developed by test publishers. protect individuals from misuses of assessments. 1.6 points When counselors are assessing outcome it should not: Answer inform already established treatment planning. take into account the client’s experiences. be a “one-time event” be done repeatedly. 1.6 points Case conceptualization Answer never includes factors related to the therapeutic relationship. is solely concerned with the selection of specific treatment strategies and techniques. is an ongoing process throughout therapy. is only done once during therapy. 1.6 points Which of the following is a method for making case conceptualization explicit? Answer explain it in detail to a supervisor or colleague represent it graphically both a and b neither a nor b 1.6 points What is the term that is associated with counselors focusing on developing strengths and enhancing the well-being of their clients, while also not ignoring weaknesses? Answer strength-weakness balance model positive psychology optimistic psychology positive reframe model 1.6 points Research consistently shows that ___________ methods are more effective than ____________ methods when making clinical predictions. Answer statistical; clinical observational; client self-reporting clinical; statistical client self-reporting; observational 1.6 points According to Whiston, assessment information can be useful in: Answer evaluating the effectiveness of counseling.