Neurology

Topic: Neurology
Reply: Reply to 2 other classmates by offering 1 new piece of information to add to their discussion of the different theories. Each reply must be minimum 250 word APA format cited referenced biblical worldview

Reference:“Liberty University Custom: Wong, D., Hall, K. R., Justice, C. A., and Hernandez, L. W.  (2015). Human growth and development (Custom Package). Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage Publication. ISBN: 9781506355153. *Custom bundle contains Wong et al. (2015), Counseling individuals through the lifespan, ISBN: 9781452217949 and supplemental journal articles.

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Carolyn Post Shaking Baby Syndrome—  Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is defined by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NIH) as “a type of inflicted traumatic brain injury that happens when a baby is violently shaken”.  The syndrome is generally characterized by subdural hemorrhages, retinal hemorrhages, damage to the spinal cord and neck, fractures of the ribs and bones, and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (NIH, 2018,  Strouse, 2018).  Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined by NIH as “a form of acquired brain injury…occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain”.  Levels of TBI include mild, moderate, and severe and depend on the extent of damage to the brain (NIH). Symptoms can include loss of consciousness, headache, confusion, light-headedness, dizziness, blurred vision or tired eyes, ringing in the ears, bad taste in the mouth, fatigue or lethargy, behavioral or mood changes and trouble with concentration, memory, attention, and thinking (NIH).    While the prognosis of a patient with TBI varies with the severity of the injury, infants and young children who suffer from SBS have a worse prognosis, from possible blindness to neurological and mental disabilities such as cerebral palsy and/or cognitive delays (NIH).

Traumatic brain injury and shaken baby syndrome share a common feature of damage caused to the brain from external forces.  As the brain develops from infancy into young adulthood, neurological pathways are being formed and reinforced through repeated experiences (Liberty, 2014).  When trauma such as being violently shaken is experienced in a developing brain, those pathways can be disrupted, broken off and no longer connected.  Dr. Sibcy (Liberty, 2014) explains that the brain develops from the bottom to the top and from the right to the left and literally “wires itself” as growth and development progress.  When the wiring process is interrupted or exposed to trauma, injuries such as axonal injury can occur (McKee & Daneshvar, 2015).  Axonal injury, a shearing of the axon (the part of the neuron that transmits messages from the cell body), can be a result of TBI and SBS.  When the pathway is disrupted, it often is unable to be repaired due to the distance axons can cover in the brain.  This can result in devastating effects on the brain, causing major disruptions in development.

 

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Neurology was first posted on April 3, 2020 at 2:29 pm.
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