1. According to Einstein, _________ will be perceived the same whether the observer is moving or not.A. Space-time continuumB. String theoryC. The speed of lightD. Theory of Relativity2. Einstein’s theory about the ______implies that reality has four dimensions, not three.A. Space-time continuumB. String theoryC. The speed of lightD. Theory of Relativity3. _______________is based on the claim that the ultimate building blocks of reality aren’t subatomic particles, but even smaller vibrating one-dimensional strings of energy.A. Space-time continuumB. String theoryC. The speed of lightD. Theory of Relativity4. The world of subatomic particles spawned a separate branch of physics called quan- tum mechanics.A. TrueB. False5. Imagine two twins. One gets onto a space ship and travels close to the speed of light for what the ship’s clocks record as a few months. The other twin remains on earth. When the space ship returns, there will be no difference in their ages.A. TrueB. False6. Imagine that you are standing still, while a friend of yours is on a train heading north. You see two lightning bolts strike the ground at the same instant – one to the north and the other to the south. Einstein would say that your friend on the train experi- ences things differently, seeing the northern bolt strike before the southern bolt.A. TrueB. FalseUnit 4 Examination176Introduction to Philosophy7. Unlike Newton, Einstein believes that space is constant and absolute and cannot “bend.”A. TrueB. False8. One of the philosophical implications of Newton’s view of the universe is that human actions are totally free.A. TrueB. False9. In ______________ “conventional” morality, including stages three and four, we un- derstand right and wrong in terms of laws and the expectations of others.A. Kohlberg’sB. Belenky’sC. Gilligan’sD. Perry10. If we are at Perry’s second stage, “ unacceptable multiplicity,” and we hear two op- posite accounts of the causes of the Reformation, we would probably think that one, but only one, of the two accounts is true.A. TrueB. False11. In Belenky’s fi rst stage, “____________,” knowledge is what some external authority says it is.A. Constructed knowledgeB. Received knowledgeC. Subjective knowledgeD. Procedural knowledge12. In Belenky’s fi nal stage, “_______________,” believing is more important than doubt- ing.A. Constructed knowledgeB. Received knowledgeC. Subjective knowledgeD. Procedural knowledgeUnit 4 Examination177Introduction to Philosophy13. If we combine the two perspectives represented by Kohlberg and Gilligan, the prob- lem of the moral justifi cation of an action becomes more diffi cult and involved.A. TrueB. False14. Sex refers to societal roles, whereas gender refers to biology.A. True B. False15. In Perry’s fi nal stage, “relativism,” we generally believe that truth is a function of cultural norms.A. TrueB. False16. According to Gilligan, in the view of most women, “the moral person is one who can understand and act in accordance with philosophical principles such as Kant’s ‘cat- egorical imperative’”A. TrueB. False17. “Human” and “person” are different, but related, ideas. “Human” is a biological  concept, while “person” is a _____________ concept.A. TheologicalB. PhilosophicalC. Scientifi cD. Emotional18. Humans’ curiosity about dolphins can be traced back at least to ancient__________.A. RomeB. ChinaC. GreeceD. None of the aboveUnit 4 Examination178Introduction to Philosophy19. The one dolphin sense that acts as both their eyes and ears in the water is like the modern human sonar system onboard submarines.A. TrueB. False20. Dolphins have a body temperature of _________ degrees.A. 98.6B. 96.8C. 90.2D. 92.221. As far as the criteria for “personhood” are concerned, dolphins probably do possess “awareness” because the fact that they can be so easily trained shows that they are aware of the external world and able to interact with it.A. TrueB. False22. The fact that dolphins can perform leaps, dives and fl ips on cue from trainers: prove that dolphins are not intelligent enough to be persons, because persons would not  perform such menial behaviors.A. TrueB. False23. In terms of the criteria for personhood developed in this chapter, dolphins, on bal- ance, did pretty well.A. TrueB. False24. Dolphins live very solitary lives. A. TrueB. False25. One reason for choosing dolphins for such an inquiry is that it lets us keep the con- cept “person” from being too heavily colored by the notion “human.” This is possible  because there are substantial differences between humans and dolphins. A. TrueB. False

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